Sunday, September 02, 2007

Torah or Pentateuch (Part 4)

Outline:
GENESIS - Beginnings
EXODUS - Redemption
LEVITICUS - Holiness – Central Panel and focus of Torah
NUMBERS - Wandering
DEUTERONOMY - Renewal

Israel is . . .
Chosen in Genesis
Delivered in Exodus
Taught in Leviticus
Tested in Numbers
Prepared in Deuteronomy

Christ is our . . .
Creator in Genesis
Deliverer in Exodus
Sanctifier in Leviticus
Sustainer in Numbers
Prophet in Deuteronomy

Commands:
Genesis - “Let there be!”
Exodus - “Let my people go!”
Leviticus -“Be holy!”
Numbers - “Go in!”
Deuteronomy - “Obey!”

Time
Genesis - Creation to bondage (1860 BC)
Exodus - From bondage to Sinai (1860-1447 BC)
Leviticus - One month at Sinai
Numbers - Sinai to end of wandering (1447-1407 BC)
Deuteronomy - End of wandering to Moses’ death (2 months in 1407 BC)

SINAI – CENTER OF PENTATEUCH
History of Israel to Sinai (Exodus 1-18)
Revelation at Sinai (Exodus 19-Numbers 10)
From Sinai to the Plains of Moab (Numbers 11- Deuteronomy 34)

PATTERNS OF THE PENTATEUCH:
The Pentateuch seems to have a recurring pattern of narrative, poetry, and epilogue.

1- Narrative (Genesis 1:1-2:22); Poetry (Genesis 2:23); Epilogue (Genesis 2:24-25)
2- Narrative (3:1-13); Poetry (3:14-19); Epilogue (3:20-24)
3- Narrative (4:1-23); Poetry (4:23-24) ;Epilogue (4:25-26).
JOSEPH: Narrative (Genesis 37:1-48:14); Poetry (48:15-16, 20); Epilogue (48:21-22).

A 3 x 5 OUTLINE
Just as the Hebrew Bible is divided in three parts (Torah, Prophets, and Writings), so the Torah is divided into three parts (Narrative, Poetry, Epilogue)

1. BEGINNING OF THE PROMISE (Narrative)
a. Narrative (Genesis 1-48);
b. Poetry (Genesis 49:1-27 – Jacob prophesies over his 12 sons);
c. Epilogue (Genesis 49:28-50:26).

2. STANDARD OF THE PROMISE (Narrative)
a. Narrative (Exodus 1 – Numbers 23:6);
b. Poetry (Numbers 23:7-10, 18-24, 24:3-9, 15-24 – Balaam prophesies over the 12 tribes of Israel)
c. Epilogue (Numbers 24:25)

3. FAILURE DESPITE THE PROMISE (Narrative)
a. Narrative (Numbers 25 – Deuteronomy 31);
b. Poetry (Deuteronomy 32:1-44 – Moses prophesies over the assembled twelve tribes of Israel);
c. Epilogue (Deuteronomy 32:44-52)

4. FUTURE OF THE PROMISE – Deuteronomy 33 (Poetry)

5. ANTICIPATION OF THE PROMISE – Deuteronomy 34 (Epilogue)

SEAMS OF TORAH
Genesis 49 – Jacob prophesies over his 10 sons, 2 grandsons to be 12 tribes
Numbers 24 – Balaam prophesies over the 12 tribes of Israel
Deuteronomy 32 – Moses prophesies over the 12 tribes of Israel
In each case an important figure prophesies events that will happen to Israel in the last days.

The meaning of Torah? The seams of the Torah point to the meaning of Torah. In each case, a prophet prophesies the future of the 12 tribes of Israel. Torah is a prophecy of the future of the 12 tribes of Israel.