Wednesday, October 24, 2007

The Feasts teach us keep right

Feast Name

Meaning

Time / Jewish Date

Scripture


Sabbath

Shabbat

Finished work of Redemption;
Rest in our freedom from bondage to sin and the complete work of Christ

every 7th day


Leviticus 23:1-3; Genesis 2:2-3; Exodus 20:8-11; 31:12-17; Deuteronomy 5:12-15

Passover

Pesach

Celebration of Deliverance

Death of Christ our Sacrificial Lamb

every spring during our Easter

Abib 14

Leviticus 23:4-5; Exodus 12:1-28, 43-49; Numbers 28:16; Deuteronomy 16:1-8; Luke 2:41-52; Matthew 26:19, 29; Mark 14:25; Luke 22:16-18; John 1:29; 13; 19:36; 1 Corinthians 5:7; 1 Peter 1:18-19


Pentecost (Weeks /

First fruits)

Shavuot

Celebration of the Holy Spirit coming upon the Church

fifty days after Passover
Ziv 5

Exodus 34:22; Leviticus 23:15-22; Numbers 28:26-31; Deuteronomy 16:9-12; 1 Corinthians 15:20; Acts 2

Trumpets (Shofars)

Rosh Hashanah


Rapture or Second Coming of our Lord

New Years Day for Israel, Gathering of Israel,

September/ October, seventh month the Sabbath month
Tishri 1

Leviticus 23:23-25; Numbers 10:10; 29:1-6; Matthew 24:31; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16

Day of Atonement

Yom Kippur

Pardon for sin of God's people. Greatest day of year, priest enters holy of holies to "cover" sin of people. Day of fasting, prayer, repentance

September/October after Rosh Hashanah

Tishri 10

Leviticus 16; 23:26-32; Numbers 29:7-11; Zechariah 12:10-14; Hebrews 9; 1 John 1:9

Tabernacles (Booths or Ingathering)

Sukkot


Remember Wilderness Journey & celebrate God's faithfulness. Fellowship of God's people dwelling in peace. Millenial Kingdom and completion of the Harvest.

One week camping outdoors in September/ October after Yom Kippur

Tishri 15-22

Leviticus 23:33-36; Numbers 29:12-38; Deuteronomy 16:13-17; Zechariah 14:2, 9, 16


Sabbatical Year


Year of meditation and devotion of person and land

every seventh year

Leviticus 25:1-7; Exodus 23:10-11

Year of Jubilee


Year of freedom and restoration of person and land

every fiftieth year


Leviticus 25:8-55; 27:17-24; Isaiah 5:7-10; 61:1-2; Ezekiel 7:12-13; 46:16-18


New Moon


for rest, special sacrifices, shofar blowing


first day of lunar month


Numbers 28:11-15; Psalm 81:3


Dedication, Lights

Hanukkah


commemorating cleansing of Temple from defilement of Antiochus Epiphanes (Syrian) & rededication

eight day feast in December

John 10:12


Lots

Purim

to commemorate Esther's saving Jewish people from genocide

two days in August

Esther 9:18-32