Wednesday, September 19, 2007

Exodus: Location & Date

Location & Date:
Written probably between (c. 1462-1422 BC)
Moses probably wrote Exodus and the rest of the Torah during Israel’s forty years of wandering in the desert. Exodus is the sequel to Genesis. Since Exodus occurred early in the Wilderness wanderings and so many details were compiled so carefully, it might be safe to assume that Moses had much of the material written within the first two years after leaving Egypt (by 1460 BC), while he may have edited it during the course of the 40 years in the Wilderness (see Exodus 16:35; 40:38). We are not the first to be interested in the date of the Exodus. According to 1 Kings 6:1, construction of Solomon’s temple began in the 4th year of his reign, in the 480th year after the Exodus.

The Exodus occurred 144 years after Genesis 50 when Joseph died (1606 BC). Exodus 12:40-41 mentions a 430 year sojourn. This sojourn began with the beginning of Abraham’s time in Canaan (1892 BC) to the Exodus (1462 BC). Israel had grown from 70 persons to a nation of two to three million, beginning the fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham: “I will make of thee a great nation” (Genesis 12:2). By 1580 BC, with the rise of a new Egyptian dynasty, Egyptian oppression began for Israel, but hard oppression, difficult slavery, and partial-birth abortion of male babies began 1542 BC, about the time Moses was born.